Littlehampton Sea Defence Works gets underway.

The first in what I aim to be regular pictorial updates on the Sea Defence Works taking place in Pier Road, Littlehampton.

Week 1

At 5.35pm on Monday, 21st October, Pier Road was closed to vehicular traffic.

Pier Road closedAn eerie quiet descended on Pier Road as the traffic suddenly stopped but this was short lived as a number of motorists decided to ignore the Road Closed Signs, stop, get out of their vehicles, move the cones and then drive through regardless.

This pretty much continued until the following day when the contractors began erecting the heras fencing. Even then some drivers still drove through, but not in the same numbers as the previous evening.

However, no sooner was the road closed and it was open again as the result of a car crash in New Road junction Bayford Road.

Bayford road has now become the alternative route for traffic that would normally travel down Pier Road. Obviously, we can’t attribute the car crash on the traffic diversions, but it resulted in the contractors re-opening Pier Road for a period to allow traffic come down Pier Road while Bayford road was closed. Let’s hope there’s no more such traffic crashes or incidents, as Pier Road won’t be so easily opened in the future now the heras fencing and site infrastructure is in place.

Car accident in Bayford Road LittlehamptonThe traffic collision in New Road where two motor cars collided with each other with the silver car crashing into the Mobile Phone Shop’s window.

With this being the weekend of the bonfire celebrations, I raised concerns that given the potentially large flow of pedestrians that usually come down Pier Road, it would be perhaps a good idea if they left an extra wide gap for these large numbers to pass through.

Sergeant Roy Hodder, our always-helpful local Police Sergeant liaised with the site manager and between them they ensured that Pier Road had sufficient width to accommodate the numbers. Sadly, as events transpired the bonfire and parade were cancelled owing to the awful weather and Pier Road was quite literally void of it’s usual crowds.

I think the increased footway, which pretty much was a single carriage way wide led alot of people into a false sense of security and also perhaps gave a misleading impression as to how Pier Road will be for the duration of the works.

Surprisingly, no one I spoke to, apart from the businesses owners seemed to have any idea of why the road was closed. There seems to be a general unawareness that these works were due to take place.

Despite the awful weather, the Environment Agency have confirmed that they achieved all their first week’s goals and they’re on target.

These goals included:

  1. Closing the roads
  2. Erecting the heras fencing
  3. Completing road surveys and various other works that they’ve been unable to do while the road was open
  4. Preparations began for the new site for Riverside Fish Kiosk.

Our own business in Pier Road (Coastal Cycles) had a welcome boost to our sales with the sale of a fleet of four bikes to VolkerStevin the contractor whose building the scheme.

The bikes will be used by the contractors to cycle to and from the various locations that they’re operating from. Remember, or if you’re already not aware that this Project comprises of a number of areas divided up into  a number of ‘Reaches’ with the main contractors HQ now located at Railway Wharf in Littlehampton Harbour Board’s land.

 Reach 1  – Arun Parade

Reach 2 – Pier Road

Reach 3 – River Road

Environment Agency Bikes for the SchemeRepresentatives from the Environment Agency, VolkerStevin and the directors of Coastal Cycles hand over the new bikes for use during the scheme, which I am delighted to say, are already in regular use.

Week 2

The following Monday morning, work began on placing the heras fencing into its final position in preparation for the main works to come.

Littlehampton Sea Defence worksIt’s hard to describe how different the road feels with this reduced width. The pavement area is now only 2 metres wide something we all argued about during the consultation process as not being wide enough.

There were some shocked faces when they saw just how narrow this pavement is going to be. Remember, it’s going to be like this until June 2014. I can’t imagine the Easter weekend, let alone early summer.

You could argue, of course that this is nothing narrower than the existing pavement as was pointed out to us during the consultation process. However, as we pointed out back – you must measure this against the loss of the opposite side pavement and the fact you no longer side step momentarily into the road to create space for passing buggies, mobility scooters, pushchairs, prams and, how do I say this without causing offense? The wider amongst us..

Pier Road works by Environment AgencyAbove shows just how narrow the pavement really is and I think this is going to be one of the biggest challenges of the scheme – the free flow of pedestrian traffic.

Pier Road Sea Defence worksTo everyone’s relief the Green portable building pictured earlier was removed and is now located by the Oyster Pond. This green building will be the Scheme’s Information Centre and will be manned by Eric Smethurst, the scheme’s public liaison officer. And what a great guy he is. When we were first told by the Project Manager that the scheme would have a Liaison officer, my thoughts turned to bureaucracy personified with a high viz jacket and a rule book. But, Eric is just what’s needed for this scheme. A man whose enthusiasm and laughter is infectious and obviously loves what he does and has enormous engineering experience with projects just like this one.

I’m delighted to say that Eric has agreed to take part in a future  interview with the Pier Road Diaries where we’ll get an opportunity to ask him about his Visitor Information Centre, which incidentally, should be operational early next week, and his role.

Visitor Information Centre for the Sea DefencesThe Green Building located by the Oyster Pond is the scheme’s Visitor Information Centre, manned by Eric Smethhurst who’ll be happy to answer any questions and talk you through the details of how the flood defences will be built. There will also be lots of visuals and useful information.

works in Pier Road LittlehamptonAll the charter fishing boats have now been relocated to the Visitors Mooring area and local firm, Littlehampton Welding LTD have been busy working on the pontoons now that everything is being moved around.

Sea Defence work LittlehamptonThe ‘Nelson Steps’ have now been removed. These being the steps at the back of the Riverside Fish Kiosk and are regularly used by the local fishermen to land their catch to the fish kiosk. I’m not too sure where they’ll land their fish in the future as the whole area will be off limits for some time to come. Knowing Bob (the owner of the kiosk), I’d imagine he’s got it sussed.

Sea Defence Works LittlehamptonI had a very interesting and informative chat with the crane operator/driver who explained that this crane is a ’40 tonner’ and a mere baby to the 100 tonner that is due to arrive in Littlehampton next Wednesday. This larger crane will be used to lift in the heavy duty equipment to drive in the piles

At a previous consultation meeting, Andy Hills from VolkerStevin explained they will be using a ‘Vibro Piling Hammer’, which apparently, despite it’s name reduces the likelyhood of vibration on the surrounding area.

So if you want to see the heavy duty equipment arrive and be installed, next Wednesday (6th November) is the scheduled day for it all too arrive.

Fish Kiosk LittlehamptonThe Riverside Fish Kiosk, Pier Road’s hugely popular Fish Mongers is closed at the moment. This was pre-planned as the contractor needs to prepare the kiosk ready to be moved to it’s new, temporary location opposite the Nelson Hotel.  I spoke to the contractor earlier today and he explained to me although it will be lifted by the 40tonne crane, it won’t be specatularly flying through the air on it’s journey, more of being lifted a couple of mms off the ground and carefully, very carefully swung into position.

Once the Fish Kiosk re-opens, we’ll tweet this to our followers – so please make sure if you want to keep up-todate with all that’s going on you follow the Pier Road Diaries Twitter account @Pier_Road  make sure also you sign up to receive an email to advise you when the Pier Road Diaries are updated. With the scheme now underway, I’m hoping for at least twice weekly photo-blog posts, hopefully more.

All going to plan and on-time?

There’s been criticism that the Environment Agency haven’t yet erected the large banners they’d promised, advertising that all our businesses are open, haven’t yet been erected.

I have to take some of the blame for this as despite Andrew Walker’s (Environment Agency) continued reminders to me about supplying our logos, I’m afraid I didn’t get them to him until the Friday before before the road closed. But, I wasn’t the only one….(you know who you are)

In terms of time-scales.

At our last consultation meeting, we were given a presentation by the Contractor, Andy Hills who outlined the first three week’s programme and without boring you with a blow-by-blow programme, the project is on target, despite the appalling weather.

Can I just say a big thank you to Eric and his colleagues from VolkerStevin and Andrew Walker from the Environment Agency for being so helpful in allowing me to take pictures for the Diaries and also answer my many questions. With this sort of co-operation I should be able to keep you updated with all that’s going on.

And, please do remember, Pier Road is open as usual and there’s free car parking available in the West Green Car Park – just look out for the signs.


Pier Road replies to an attack by Littlehampton business owner, Paul Wakeman in this week’s Littlehampton Gazette.

In what must be a first, Mr Paul Wakeman, proprietor of Bah-Humbug Sweet Shop in Littlehampton has written a letter attacking Pier Road Traders.

A clearly disgruntled Mr Wakeman, opens his letter with the following statement:

“In the middle of the summer, I went to Arun District Council and sat for five minutes with a chief staff member who closely explained what is going on.”

This in reference to the Sea Defence and Regeneration scheme currently being undertaken in Pier Road.

He continues his letter as follows:

From what I understand, the business [sic] have already agreed compensation while the work goes on

The fact is that compensation has not been agreed with businesses in Pier Road and is currently the subject of ongoing negotiations, which at the time of writing, are regrettably becoming increasingly fraught and distressing.

The second fact is that Arun District Council are not responsible for handling compensation claims, the Environment Agency are. And accordingly, staff from Arun District Council have not been involved in compensation meetings with Pier Road Traders

Therefore, Mr Wakeman’s source at Arun District Council has no real knowledge of what has or hasn’t been agreed.

But for the sake of clarity, at the time of writing this post (Sunday, 27th October) Compensation arrangements have not been agreed with businesses in Pier Road.

Neither is compensation as clear-cut as Mr Wakeman likes to portray.

The Environment Agency are bound by law as to what, if any compensation they can offer when their works impact on businesses. The legislation that provides a mechanism for compensating businesses is The Water Resources Act. A  bureaucratic and demanding piece of legislation that was created in 1990 on the basis of compensation being paid for what would be emergency repairs.

Consequently, the Act lacks any real redress for businesses that find themselves as we do in Pier Road in the midst of a major pre-planned capital expenditure programme.

The first thing to note with this legislation is that it only covers loss that can be attributed to the actual works and this loss is confined to loss of profit, not loss of turnover.

Thus, for example, where a business can demonstrate that it has lost £10,000 worth of business in one month, the business will not be repaid the loss of £10,000 worth of business, but the loss of the profit element of that £10,000.

Given that we are all still in a period of unprecedented recession, and consequently our profit margins have suffered continuing decline, this can mean that rather than be reimbursed the £10.000 (or whatever the loss of turnover amounts to), we will instead be reimbursed only the element of profit loss. This stipulation is different from all other compensation schemes, where turnover is repaid.

A business could submit a claim for a loss of £10,000 revenue in one month only to find their being offered  a few hundred pounds by way of compensation.

Cash flow is the lifeblood of all our businesses and without sales revenues – as opposed to simply the profit element – we’ll die a quick and painful death.

It’s not difficult to see that with such a dramatic and sudden loss of cash flow, it won’t take long before businesses close and staff loose jobs.

Neither does the compensation scheme cover employees loss of earnings. As many of Pier Road businesses are restaurants and cafes, staff rely on tips from customers to boost their incomes.

But the problems don’t end there.

The Act also contains a provision that requires claimants to prove that they have mitigated their losses. And the Environment Agency have been quite clear in spelling out what this means in real terms, and I quote them by saying we have been instructed in writing where necessary to – WORK LESS HOURS.

They’ve also made it clear that they will not be paying for our staff to ‘do nothing’.

So, the reality is – that on an ongoing basis we have to demonstrate continued mitigation of our losses, which means we have to continually assess our business costs and cut where appropriate, which could include cutting back on staff hours, job losses and even closing our businesses altogether.

Yet, Mr Wakeman writes in his letter:

If Pier Road traders are worried about their trade they would have been compensated for and  could end up a bonus as they still do not know what loss of figures they could could suffer, if any.

In reality, Pier Road Traders and their staff are facing an extremely uncertain future and while the Environment Staff are working as hard as they can to support us during this period, they are however bound by the Water Resources Act, which dictates how and where compensation can be paid.

Hopefully with the continued support of our loyal customers, the cutting back of staff hours, staff positions and the closure of businesses won’t happen, however this will ultimately be dictated, not by compensation, but by the continued support of our customers.

Mr Wakeman’s letter is extremely unhelpful as it suggests that regardless of what business we do in Pier Road during the scheme’s works, we will still be in business with the same number of staff.

This is simply not true.

It’s somewhat ironic that the £14m Regeneration scheme taking place outside our door is in fact potentially  jeopardizing the very livelihoods of those that the scheme seeks to protect.

The next incorrect statement Mr Wakeman makes in his letter is as follows:

“..while the work goes on it will be done as quickly as possible out of summer trading hours and there are fines for not carrying out the work who don’t need the final dates.”

Again, Mr Wakeman’s ‘senior council member’ had mislead him as The Environment Agency are prohibited from imposing fines on their contractor’s in the event they run overtime. I’m surprised Mr Wakeman’s source at Arun District Council wasn’t aware of this, as the Environment Agency’s Project Manager has stated this on a number of occasions during our Consultation Meetings, which incidentally have been ongoing since 2010 and have lasted far longer than the five minutes it has taken Mr Wakeman to reach his conclusions.

Regarding not working outside of summer hours and peak periods, as claimed by Mr Wakeman.

Pier Road is not expected to re-open before June 2014, with Arun Parade not expected to re-open before August 2014.

These periods cover Spring, Easter and pretty much all of our summer trading period.

Mr Wakeman’s next statement is as follows:

“The road on the corner opposite the nelson was amended at their request, just to help.”

Again, this is incorrect.

During the consultation period (ongoing since 2010 with 6 weekly meetings between the scheme providers and Pier Road Traders), various draft plans for the scheme’s enhancements, which Arun District Council are responsible for were presented at the meetings for discussions.

The first Draft Plan included a proposal to reduce the width of the existing road outside the Nelson Hotel by over 4 meters.

Those familiar with this junction will appreciate that reducing the width of this road by such a huge amount, will potentially cause serious danger to road users and will not allow two relatively large vehicles to pass each other safely when travelling in opposite directions.

As this is a consultation process, the safety of the road was discussed. Our concerns were well founded as during a simulation exercises of traffic flows, it was apparent that what we had said was correct – two large vehicles could not pass each other at all, at this junction, let alone safely.

According the Draft plan was amended to create a safer junction for all as opposed to the appeasement measure claimed by Mr Wakeman.

Mr Wakeman then goes onto say in his letter:

“They have been given free car parking for the time it takes to complete the works and for their customers.”

While we are very grateful to Arun District Council, particularly Councillor Norman Dingmans who suggested and offered a free parking area for Pier Road customers, it must be balanced against the fact that Arun Parade, which provides all-year-round free parking for all seafront visitors will not be open until August 2014.

And far from us having additional free parking in the Pier Road area, there is considerably less free parking for all visitors to our area, whether or not they are customers of Pier Road businesses.

The free parking area opened up by Arun District Council in the Windmill Car Park can be used by anyone, not just Pier road customers.

Mr Wakeman concludes his letter by saying:

“Think yourself lucky, traders in Pier Road, you are paying nothing towards this.”

Mr Wakeman would do well to remember (or perhaps be aware) that the shop he currently trades from is only possible as a result of a previous Regeneration programme by Arun District Council, of which he and his fellow town centre traders have not been required to pay for.

Typically, businesses and residents don’t pay directly for regeneration projects such as the one taking place in Pier Road. However, we all pay for these projects through taxation.

We are all looking forward to the new Pier Road and may I take this opportunity to thank: Andrew Walker (EA), Peter Borseberry (EA), Roger Spencer (Arun District Council) for the enormous support they have been to us here in trying to so hard to mitigate the impact that this scheme will potentially have on us.

Thankfully the positive, constructive relationships we have built with these people cannot be undone or reduced in any serious way by Mr Wakeman’s extraordinary, and wholly inaccurate outburst in our local newspaper.

May I finish with a heart-felt plea, on behalf of us all in Pier Road, please do continue to support us. As I said earlier, our business well-being and the future of our staff will not be determined by over-bureaucratic, wholly ineffectual compensation schemes, but on the continued support of our loyal customers.

To whom we are all grateful to.

As work begins on Littlehampton Sea Defences, we talk to the Environment Agency’s Andrew Walker.

The Pier Road Diaries are delighted to be joined by Andrew Walker of the Environment Agency, who has kindly taken the time out of what is now a very busy time for him and his colleagues to answer our questions and concerns regarding Littlehampton’s biggest ever sea defence and regeneration project.

 Hello, Andrew. Thank you for taking the time out of what must be a very busy period for you to talk to the Pier Road Diaries.

 Can I begin by asking you to introduce the Environment Agency’s Team responsible for managing the Sea Defence works?

AW: Thanks very much for inviting me to talk about the Littlehampton East bank flood defence scheme. The first thing to say is that this is a partnership scheme. That means we [Environment Agency] work with other organisations, in this case primarily Arun District Council to deliver a range of different benefits. In this case we are building a new flood defence to increase the standard of tidal flood protection to the town as well as greatly improving public spaces in Arun Parade, Pier Road and River Road.

We are delivering a major tidal flood defence scheme, which will protect over a thousand homes and businesses upon completion; as a result we have a large, dedicated team. I will name check just a few. Peter Borsberry is our Project Manager, he mainly deals with contractual matters and ensures we stay on time and budget. Katharine Matthews is the Project Executive, she is accountable for the overall delivery of the scheme. Richard Woodward is the Environment Project Manager, he makes sure that the works have a positive effect on the environment wherever possible and that if there is any negative impact then they are minimised. My role, which is called ‘Senior User’, is to act as a channel between our project team and the Littlehampton community. I listen to local people and feedback their comments, in order to ensure that we get a scheme that works for the people who will be living with and benefiting from these new works in their town.

You will see a lot of our scheme contractor VolkerStevin on site in Pier Road. Their Public Liaison Manager, Eric Smethurst, will be available to answer any of your questions regarding the scheme. Eric will be most often be found in the public drop-in centre in Arun Parade.

What do you think will be the biggest challenge when constructing the sea defences, for example many of us in Pier Road are concerned about the potential impact that adverse weather could have, while others worry about unforeseen problems that may arise?

AW: There is no doubt that this is a huge civil engineering project. I think the scale of the works is a real challenge but one I am very proud to be involved in. We will be working over a site which is 2.5km long; from the lighthouse in Arun Parade all the way up beyond the A259.  For me personally I enjoy the challenge of ensuring that I am speaking to the right people at the right time. In this regard I feel like I am the voice of the town within the Environment Agency, representing residents and business owners in the manner in which you would all expect. It goes without saying that the weather has the potential to play a huge part in these works. It is in everyone interest that we have a nice quiet winter. Fingers crossed!

However, we have done a great deal of preparation to ensure that we reduce some of the unforeseen risks in advance. Just one example of this is the ground investigation work we did in October 2012; where we drilled into the ground, in multiple locations all over Littlehampton, to fully understand the nature of the soils underneath the surface.

At the recent consultation meeting with the Pier Road Traders and other stakeholders, you and the team were very optimistic that the works in Pier Road would be completed by June 2014, yet the Environment Agency have applied and been granted road closure orders by West Sussex County Council until early August 2014. This disparity is as you can understand quite worrying for those of us in Pier Road who want to see the road open and functioning as soon as possible. How confident are you that you will achieve the June deadline?

AW: It is in everyone’s interest that we get these important works completed as quickly and safely as possible. We applied to West Sussex County Council for a single road closure for the works. This meant that Pier Road and Arun Parade were included in the same road closure application. This is why you may have seen notices advertising the road closure until August 2014.

The construction work in Pier Road in scheduled to be completed by the end of May 2014 and by the end of July 2014 for Arun Parade. We are all working hard to ensure that both areas are re-opened on time. Please be in no doubt that we sympathise with the concerns of local business regarding the necessary closure of these roads. We have an excellent contractor building the scheme, they have extensive experience in constructing schemes of this nature. If we all work together as authorities, businesses and residents I am confident that we can achieve these critical re-opening dates.

Can you explain to our readers what Pier Road will be like during the construction process and how easy do you think it will be for visitors and residents to navigate the area We have a plan for pedestrian access and for vehicular traffic diversions. If for whatever reason things aren’t going to plan then I urge people to contact the Public Liaison Manager, Eric Smethurst, immediately with their concerns, so we can review our approach and make any relevant changes.

AW: Of course Pier Road is going to look different from normal during the works – and for good reason. It is extremely important that we segregate the working area for the crane and heavy plant from the pedestrian area which will be maintained through the course of the works. It is important to point out that pedestrian access along the eastern footpath, in front of the shops, will remain in place through the works. We have made the decision, in response to feedback, that we will use a mesh panel style of fencing. This choice has a number of key benefits. It will allow us to be flexible in allowing access for deliveries. It will allow light into the shop frontages when we are working in a different area. It will also allow passersby to see how these interesting works are progressing.

And of course, diversion routes for road traffic will be clearly sign posted. I must point out that there will be free parking in Green West car park to off-set the car parking which will temporarily be lost in Arun Parade and Pier Road whilst the works are taking place.

There’s a certain amount of skepticism surrounding these works. Understandable when you consider that the Environment Agency is only enhancing the sea defences on the East Bank, which surely will have a potentially devastating impact on the West Bank. Why has this area of the harbour been left to the mercy of the rising sea levels that the Environment Agency are predicting and what reassurances can you give the residents and businesses of this area that what you’re doing on the East Bank isn’t going to accelerate their demise?

AW: The construction of the new flood defences on the East bank will have no negative impact on the West bank. Once the works are completed the tide will continue to rise and fall in the way it always has done in Littlehampton. You are right though; sea levels are predicted to rise.

At the current time there are a comparatively low number of houses and businesses on the west bank. This means attracting government funding for a major flood defence scheme is difficult.

There will come a point where something needs to be done to improve the height of the flood defences on the West bank of the river Arun in Littlehampton. Much like the current East bank scheme, this future work will need to be delivered in partnership, which means input from local authorities and the wider Littlehampton community will be key to protecting the West bank from tidal river flooding.

This project is coming in at considerable costs – circa £14million. How many local jobs will the scheme create – and what do think  will be the positive impact, if any, on the town’s economy during the works?

AW: On previous major EA schemes we have seen an influx of people coming to visit the area to see what is going on. Sometimes that is just interested people from the surrounding area, or Universities Engineering departments, or it could be the national and local media. Personally, I will continue to do everything I can to publicise this scheme as widely as possible, in order to bring people into Littlehampton, because I know that is important to the town and to businesses.

Bringing in the one hundred strong construction team alone is going to have a positive impact on the town’s economy. All these staff will need to stay and buy food locally, which will bring money into the town.

Subcontracting the services of small and medium size local businesses will not only help ensure quick delivery, but will also benefit the local economy. This is an approach which our contractor has used regularily in the past, so I am expecting to this approach used in Littlehampton.

As you know there’s considerable anxiety amongst the businesses in Pier Road that these works will have a detrimental, perhaps even fatal impact on their livelihoods. Can you outline briefly what steps the Environment Agency are taking to help the Pier Road traders?

AW: From the feedback we have received over the last 12 months or so, when speaking to businesses in the area, it quickly became apparent that we would need to help local businesses through the construction phase of the works. I am delighted to say that the Environment Agency has responded to this request for help and we have been able to offer a compensation package to businesses, which will see directly affected business owners paid for any potential disruption at intervals through the scheme. The approach we have taken to compensating businesses is far beyond what we are required to do by legislation. I really need everyone who is directly affected by these works to stay in regular contact so I can ensure that disruption is minimised as far as possible. We will be doing everything we can to ensure a good pedestrian footfall in Pier road, which in turn will help to keep businesses open and trading through the construction of the scheme.

Finally, what would you like to say to the public who might be thinking of avoiding the Littlehampton seafront area, particularly Pier Road during these works? Is there anything worthwhile for them to come and see or it is going to be all mud and bullets?

AW: I would strongly encourage people to come to Littlehampton during this period of extremely interesting change for the town. It’s not every day that you have a multi-million pound engineering investment in your town. Funding for flood defence schemes is limited nationally, particularly on major projects of this scale. When complete, Littlehampton will have world class defence against tidal river flooding that the community and the project partners can be proud of.

There will be a public drop-in centre on site at the northern end of Pier Road, I would like to invite anyone who is interested in future of the town to come down and have a chat with us about the town and works. Anyone who visits the town will be able to see this major infrastructure project simply by turning up on site and viewing the works through the fencing, and of course, they can pop into the shops on Pier Road whilst they are here.

I would just like to finish by saying that I would love to hear people’s opinions, comments and feedback on this project. You can either leave a comment below or contact me directly at

Andrew, thanks for taking the time out to speak to the Pier Road Diaries .

AW: It’s my pleasure.

You can follow progress on the scheme in a number of ways. You can follow the scheme on Twitter using #LittlehamptonFAS and following @EnvAgencySE

There will be weekly photograph updates of the works on our Flickr page at:

Or you can go the scheme webpage at:

If you have any questions for Andrew, please use the comments box and Andrew has agreed to reply to them.

Once again, thank you to Andrew for taking part in this interview, which we are aiming to make a regular part of the Diaries throughout the Sea Defence and Regeneration works.